Indicator Descriptions

1. Democratic Participation

Indicator Name

Indicator Description

Indicator Source

Checks and Balances

Global ranking of governmental checks and balances

Database of Political Indicators, World Bank

Degree of Party Dominance

Number of opposition members in the national legislature as a proportion of the total

Database of Political Indicators, World Bank

Fractionalization of Legislature

Herfindal Index

Database of Political Indicators, World Bank

Percentage of Female Parliamentarians

Proportion of seats held by women in national parliament (%)

World Development Indicators

Polity Score

Net Democracy/Autocracy Score

Polity IV

Executive Recruitment -- Regulation

Global index measuring regulation of executive recruitment

Polity IV

Executive Recruitment -- Competition

Global index measuring competitiveness of executive elections

Polity IV

Executive Constraints

Global index measuring legal and legislative constraints on executive activity

Polity IV

Female Parliamentary Quota

Quota for female parlimentaries (%)

Global database of quotas for women

Minority Access to Civil Services

Percentage of minority employees in the public service

MAR

Minority Voting Rights

Existence of voting rights for minorities, including the right to vote, degree of intimidation, access to polling station

MAR

Federalism - Municipal

Degree of autonomy provided to municipal governments

Database of Political Indicators, World Bank

Federalism - Provincial

Degree of autonomy provided to state/provincial governments

Database of Political Indicators, World Bank

2. Government and Economic Efficiency

Indicator Name

Indicator Description

Indicator Source

Economic growth -- Percentage of GDP

GDP Growth %

World Development Indicators

Economic Size -- Relative -- GDP per capita

GDP per capita (constant 2000 US $)

World Development Indicators

Economic Size -- Total -- GDP

GDP (constant 2000 US $)

World Development Indicators

External Debt -- percentage of GNI

Present value of debt (% of GNI)

World Development Indicators

Ease of Doing Business

Ease of Doing Business Survey  - Overall Rank

World Bank, Ease of Doing Business

Starting a Business

Starting a business rank

World Bank, Ease of Doing Business

Protecting Investors

Protecting investors rank

World Bank, Ease of Doing Business

Trading Across Borders

Trading across borders rank

World Bank, Ease of Doing Business

Closing a Business

Closing a business rank

World Bank, Ease of Doing Business

Economic Freedom

Economic Freedom score

Heritage Foundation, Index of Economic Freedom

National Savings Level

Gross domestic savings (% of GDP)

World Development Indicators

Foreign Investment Freedom

Investment Freedom

Heritage Foundation, Index of Economic Freedom

Intellectual Property

Protection of intellectual property

Fraser Institute/ Free the World (Area 2C)

Contract Regulation

Contract Regulation

Heritage Foundation, Index of Economic Freedom

Enforcing Contracts

Enforcing Contracts Rank

World Bank, Ease of Doing Business

Dealing with Licences

Dealing with Licenses Rank

World Bank, Ease of Doing Business

Registering Property

Registering Property Rank

World Bank, Ease of Doing Business

Educational Attainment

Proportion over 15 with no schooling

World Bank, Thematic Data Educational Attainment

Enrolment Rates

Gross enrolment ratio, all levels combined (except pre-primary)

UNESCO Statistics

Health Expenditure

Health expenditure, total (% of GDP)

World Development Indicators

Access to Services -- Improved Water

Access to an Improved water source (% of population with access)

World Development Indicators

Government Effectiveness

Government Effectiveness, point estimate

World Bank Group, Governance Matters V

FDI -- percentage of GDP

Foreign direct investment, net inflows (% of GDP)

World Development Indicators

Foreign Aid -- percentage of Central Government Expenditures

Aid (% of central government expenditures)

World Development Indicators

Inequality -- GINI Coefficient

GINI Coefficient

World Development Indicators

Trade Balance -- percentage of GDP

Current Account Balance (as % of GDP)

World Development Indicators

Unemployment -- Total

Unemployment, total (% of total labor force)

World Development Indicators

Paying Taxes

Paying taxes rank

World Bank: Ease of Doing Business indicators

3. Accountability

Indicator Name

Indicator Description

Indicator Source

Corruption -- World Bank

Control of Corruption

World Bank Group, Governance Matters V

Voice and Accountability

Voice and accountability, point estimate

World Bank Group, Governance Matters V

Press Freedom

Index of Press Freedom

Freedom House

Political Donations

Provision for disclosure of contribution to parties (binary variable)

IDEA, Political Party Finance, Disclosure of Income

Party Financing

System of regulation for financing of political parties (binary variable)

IDEA, Political Party Finance, Regulation and Enforcement

4. Human Rights

Indicator Name

Indicator Description

Indicator Source

Disappearances

Disappearances, Number of Cases

CIRI Human Rights Index

Extrajudicial Killings

Killings, number of cases

CIRI Human Rights Index

Torture

Torture, number of cases

CIRI Human Rights Index

Freedom of Movement

Freedom of Movement Index

CIRI Human Rights Index

Freedom of Assembly and Association

Freedom of Assembly and Association Index

CIRI Human Rights Index

Freedom of Speech

Freedom of Speech Index

CIRI Human Rights Index

Women Political Rights

Women Political Rights Index

CIRI Human Rights Index

Women Social Rights

Women Social Rights Index

CIRI Human Rights Index

Women Economic Rights

Women Economic Rights Index

CIRI Human Rights Index

Civil Liberties

Civil Liberties Index

Freedom House, Annual Survey of Freedom

Political Rights

Political Rights Index

Freedom House, Annual Survey of Freedom

Human Rights -- Empowerment

Empowerment Rights Index

CIRI Human Rights Index

Human Rights -- Physical Integrity

Physical Integrity Rights Index

CIRI Human Rights Index

Minority Access to Education

Minority Access to Education

MAR

Minority Commerce

Minority ability to engage in commercial activities

MAR

Minority Professions

Minority presence in professions

MAR

Minority Official Positions

Minority presence in governmental institutions

MAR

Minority Organization

Minority ability and right to organize

MAR

Differential Ownership

Differential rules and practices regarding ownership of property

MAR

Minority Pol Mil recruitment

Recruitment of minorities in to the police and military

MAR

5. Political Stability and Violence

Indicator Name

Indicator Description

Indicator Source

Permanence of Regime Type

Number of years since last regime change

Polity IV

Black Market

Informal Market

Heritage Foundation, Index of Economic Freedom

Battle-related Deaths

Number of Conflict-related deaths per year

Uppsala Conflict Database

Dependence on external support

Intervention of other states or external actors

Fund for Peace (FfP) Failed States Index

Military Expenditure as a percentage of GDP

Military expenditure (% of GDP)

World Development Indicators

Political Stability

Political stability/no violence, point estimate

World Bank Group: Governance Matters V

Refugees Produced

Refugee population by country or territory of origin

World Development Indicators

Terrorism Fatalities

Total number of fatalities during recorded terrorist attacks per year

US National Counterterrorism Center

Terrorism Incidents

Total number of recorded terrorist attacks per year

US National Counterterrorism Center

Polity Fragmentation

Degree of fragmentation of the polity

Polity IV

6. Rule of Law

Indicator Name

Indicator Description

Indicator Source

Police, Law, and Criminality

Rule of Law

World Bank, Governance Matters database

Prison Population Rate

Prison Population Rate

International Centre for Prison Studies

Prison Occupancy Level

No. of detainees compared to capacity

Source:International Centre for Prison Studies

Number of Political Prisoners

Number of Political Prisoners

Fraser Institute/Free the World

Judicial Independence

Independence of the Judiciary

Fraser Institute/Free the World

Impartial Courts

Impartiality of the court

Fraser Institute/ Free the World

Integrity of the Legal System

Integrity of the Legal System

Fraser Institute/ Free the World

Military Interference in the Rule of Law

Presence of the military in political systems

Fraser Institute/ Free the World

Property Rights

Protection of rights to private property

Heritage Foundation

Minority Legal Protection

Minority Legal Protection

Source Minorities at Risk (MAR)

Minority Dispossessed Land

Minority Dispossessed Land

Source Minorities at Risk (MAR)

Minority Legal Procedures

Minority Legal Procedures

Minorities at Risk

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